An accessory navicular is an extra bone (ossicle) which is found next to the navicular bone (one of the bones on the inside of the foot). It is the most common accessory bone in the foot occurring in between 4-14% of the population.
This common condition is usually present at birth but can become more noticeable when your child starts walking. It tends to occur in the third, fourth and fifth toes on one or both feet. The toes curl under because the tendons that flex (bend) them are too tight.
Clubfoot is a common deformity that is often seen on the 20 week pregnancy scan but only confirmed at birth. It occurs in about 1 in 1,000 babies. We don’t know the cause. After treatment, your child will have a relatively normal looking foot with normal function.
Flexible Flat Feet
Most feet have an arch on the inside of the foot; however, some children have flexible flat feet, also known as fallen arches or pes planus. Softening of the ligaments that hold the bones together causes flexible flat feet.
They are typical after an active day, the child falls to sleep normally but wakes after a few hours with pain in the legs, This is usually in the shins but sometimes can be centered on the knees or the ankles. Much less commonly there may be some pain in the arms as well.
Turned In Feet (Metatarsus Adductus)
This is a foot condition where the front part of the foot is turned inward. The back part of the foot and ankle are normal. It may affect one or both feet. It is a fairly common condition, causes no pain, and often resolves as your child grows.
Osgood-Schlatter’s condition is characterised by pain and /or a tender lump at the front of the shin bone, just below the kneecap. It is fairly common, affecting approximately 1 in 5 adolescents. It occurs most often in those who participate in sports that involve running and jumping.
Flat Head (Plaigocephaly)
Plaigocephaly is a common condition, which presents with flattening of the back or sides of a baby’s head. The skull is made from multiple bones, which are soft at birth. Their shape can be affected by pressure from outside.
Slipped Upper Femoral Epiphysis
SUFE is a hip condition that affects children and adolescents usually between the ages of 10 and 15 years. The hip joint is a ‘ball and socket’ joint between the head of the thigh bone (ball) and the pelvic bone (socket). The ball shaped head has a growth layer.
Trigger Thumb is a condition seen in young children where the thumb gets stuck in a bent position (flexed) see picture. This occurs because the tendon that bends the thumb gets stuck in the tunnel it usually glides freely in. It occurs in both thumbs in about 30% of patients.